CAPEC-162 - Manipulating hidden fields to change the normal flow of transactions (eShoplifting)

An attacker exploits a weakness in the server's trust of client-side processing by modifying data on the client-side, such as price information, and then submitting this data to the server to effect a change in the state of an ordinary transaction. eShoplifting is a data manipulation attack against an on-line merchant during a purchasing transaction. The manipulation of price, discount or quantity fields in the transaction message allows the attacker to acquire items at a lower cost than the merchant intended. The attacker performs a normal purchasing transaction but edits hidden fields within the HTML form response that store price or other information to give themselves a better deal. The merchant then uses the modified pricing information in calculating the cost of the selected items.






The targeted merchant site must use a shopping cart that does not obfuscate the transaction data and does not validate pricing with back end processing.

The attacker must be able to craft HTTP responses to the target's shopping site.